(1) SS-Rottenführer Fritz Tauscher, (2) SS-Rottenführer Karl Gringer, (3) SS-Rottenführer Ernst Zierke, (4) SS-Hauptscharführer Lorenz Hackenholt, (5) Polizei-Wachtmeister Artur Dachsel, (6) SS-Rottenführer Heinrich Barbl.
The Nazis murdered between 430,000 and 500,000 people at the Belzec extermination camp, part of “Operation Reinhard.” These two SS men were on the staff at the camp. The Camp Men identifies many of the perpetrators of the Final Solution from old photographs, to include the names of these two men.
The Camp Men Sample Page
Camp Men sample page. The information for each officer is presented in tabular format and includes the National Archive File microfilm roll number.
Himmler, Ziereis and Kaltenbrunner
Heinrich Himmler (left) with SS-Sturmbannführer Franz Ziereis (pointing, in the center) and Ernst Kaltenbrunner (right) at Mauthausen. Mauthausen, and its satellite camps, were the scene of 70,000 to 120,000 deaths among the inmates. Ziereis served at Mauthausen from 1939 to 1945. American troops near the camp shot him and he died of his wounds on May 24, 1945. Ernst Kaltenbrunner took over the Reich Main Security Service (RSHA) after the death of Reinhard Heydrich in 1942. Kaltenbrunner was convicted of war crimes and hanged by Master Sergeant John C. Woods at Nürnberg on October 16, 1946.
Kommandant at Dachau (1933-1934.) One of the most brutal men in the concentration camp system, he became the Inspector of Concentration Camps, after his stint at Dachau. He later served in the SS Totenkopf Division and assumed command of that formation. He was a winner of the Knight’s Cross with Oak Leaves; he was killed when his aircraft was shot down in Russia on February 26, 1943.
Kommandant at Auschwitz (1944-1945) and Dora (1945.) Baer served in the SS Totenkopf Division in 1942. At least 1,000,000 persons died at Auschwitz; about 20,000 perished at Dora. He died while in detention at trial in Frankfurt, Germany on June 17, 1963, having avoided prosecution for many years due to a false identity of Karl Neumann.